GCSE Level Questions: Transformers

Q4. The diagram shows how electricity is distributed from power stations to consumers.


(i) Which parts of the diagram above form the National Grid?

Tick one box.

  Tick here
power station, transformers and power cables  
transformers and power cables  
transformers, power cables and consumer  

[1 mark]

(ii) The power cables shown are 'overhead power cables'. Power cables can be buried underground.

Give one disadvantage of burying power cables underground.

[1 mark]

(b) Complete each sentence below by choosing a word from the box below. Each word can be used once or not at all.



The step-up transformer increases the _ _ (i) _ _ _ which decreases the _ _ (ii) _ _ _. Using a step-up transformer increases the _ _ _ (iii) _ _ _ of the electricity distribution process.

[3 marks]

(c) A householder reads his electricity meter at the start and at the end of a month.

34 523 (kWh)
34 713 (kWh)

If the cost of 1 kWh is 15 pence, calculate the cost of the electricity used that month.

[2 marks]

(7 Marks Total)